1. Raccoons are medium-sized mammals that are native to North America.
  2. They are known for their distinctive appearance, with a black mask around their eyes and a bushy tail with black and white stripes.
  3. Raccoons are omnivorous and will eat a wide variety of foods, including insects, fruits, nuts, and small animals.
  4. They are excellent climbers and can easily climb trees and walls using their sharp claws.
  5. Raccoons are nocturnal animals and are most active at night.
  6. They are highly adaptable and can live in a variety of habitats, including forests, wetlands, and urban areas.
  7. Raccoons have a lifespan of around 2-3 years in the wild, but can live up to 20 years in captivity.
  8. They are intelligent animals and have been observed using tools to obtain food.
  9. Raccoons are known for their dexterous front paws, which they can use to manipulate objects and open containers.
  10. They are excellent swimmers and can swim for long distances using their powerful hind legs and webbed feet.
  11. Raccoons are social animals and will often live in family groups called nurseries.
  12. Female raccoons give birth to litters of 3-5 young, called kits, in the spring.
  13. Raccoons are known carriers of several diseases, including rabies and leptospirosis.
  14. They are hunted for their fur and meat, but also serve as important prey for larger predators.
  15. Raccoons are sometimes kept as pets, but this is illegal in many states and can be dangerous due to their unpredictable behavior.
  16. They are able to adapt to urban environments and can cause damage to property and spread disease.
  17. Raccoons are intelligent enough to learn and remember solutions to problems for several years.
  18. Their sense of smell is very strong, and they use it to find food and locate their dens.
  19. Raccoons have a distinctive huffing or growling sound that they use to communicate with each other.
  20. They are considered a nuisance by many people, but are an important part of the ecosystem and help control insect and rodent populations.

There are several subspecies of raccoons found throughout their range, which includes North and Central America. Here are a few of the known subspecies:

  1. Procyon lotor lotor: This is the most widespread subspecies and is found throughout much of North America. They have a broad skull, shorter ears, and a longer tail compared to other subspecies.
  2. Procyon lotor mexicanus: This subspecies is found in Central America and parts of Mexico. They are smaller in size and have a narrower skull and longer ears compared to other subspecies.
  3. Procyon lotor pallidus: This subspecies is found in the southeastern United States, particularly in Florida. They have a lighter fur color and smaller body size compared to other subspecies.
  4. Procyon lotor pacificus: This subspecies is found in the western United States, particularly in California. They have a darker fur color and are slightly larger in size compared to other subspecies.

While there are physical differences between the subspecies, they all share the same general appearance and behavior. All raccoons are omnivorous and have similar habitats and lifestyles. They are known for their intelligence and ability to adapt to various environments, including urban areas.